The Toyota Research Institute (TRI) announced it is investing $35 million in materials science research that uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to help accelerate the design and discovery of advanced materials.
By combining silver with a smidge of aluminum, researchers found a way to produce exceptionally thin, smooth layers of silver that are resistant to tarnishing. Then, they applied an anti-reflective coating to make one thin metal layer up to 92.4 percent transparent.
An international team of researches and engineers have demonstrated the ability to not only control the peaks within laser pulses, but also to twist these incredibly short pulses of light. A pulse lasts a few femtoseconds long (one quadrillionth of a second, or about the time it takes for the family dog to bolt out the front door without its collar).