In human history many technological and scientific inventions have profoundly impacted our standard of living. In the previous century, the atom was divided into its various components and nano- and micro-technologies developed. In addition, many machines have been developed which can perform trillions of computations in a single second.
- design and manufacture a chip-scale circuit that integrates multiple chips on a single silicon substrate (bare die, bumped chips, chip-scale packages, packaged components or passives)
- customize the routing of electrical signals between them, and
- interface the assembled sub-system to the outside world using a standard ball grid array connection.